The increase in the Muslim population to over 2 billion can be attributed to various factors such as higher birth rates among Muslim families, conversions to Islam, and migration patterns. The majority of the world’s Muslims reside in Asia, where Indonesia has the highest population of Muslims, followed by Pakistan and India. Islam is considered the fastest-growing religion globally, as per recent estimates. North America, Europe, and Africa also have substantial Muslim populations. This surge in the Muslim population has significant implications for world politics, economy, and cultural dynamics, and it is expected to continue in the foreseeable future.